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basic introduction

Angelica sinensis (scientific name: Angelica sinensis), whose root can be used as medicine, is one of the commonly used Chinese medicines. The aliases are Gangui, Qinna, West Angelica, Zangdonggui, Jin Danggui, Danggui, etc.

Morphological characteristics

Perennial herbs. Stems erect, purple-colored, with pronounced vertical grooves, glabrous. The leaves are 2 to 3 odd-pinnate compound leaves with swollen leaf sheaths; the leaves are ovate, with 3 pairs of leaflets, a pair of apicals near the top, splitting 1 to 2 times, and a nick on the edge of the lobes. Compound umbels, terminal, umbilical stalks 10-14, ranging in length, with 2 linear bracts absent or absent at the base; small total bracts 2-4, linear; each small umbel has flowers 12-36 Flowers, small umbrella stalks densely pilose; calyx teeth 5, finely ovate; petals 5, white, long ovate, apex narrowly pointed slightly inward; 5 stamens, filaments curved inward; lower ovary, style base Conical. The double-hanging fruit is oval, with 5 fruit edges, the dorsal edge is raised in a line, the side edges develop into wide and thin wings, the edges of the wings are pale purple, and the back is flat. Flowering in July, fruiting in August to September.

Growth environment and distribution

Angelica is a low-temperature and long-day crop. It likes high-cold and cool climate. It is born in an alpine and humid place with an altitude of 1800 to 2500 meters. In low-altitude areas, the rate of moss extraction is high, and it is not easy to oversummer. The seedlings are overcast and the light transmittance is 10 {bf}. Avoid direct sunlight; the adult plants can withstand strong light.

It is native to western Asia, Europe and North America. China is mainly produced in the southeast of Gansu. Yixian County has a large output and good quality, followed by Yunnan, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei and other provinces, all of which are cultivated.

Medicinal properties

Slightly cylindrical, with 3 to 5 or more branches at the lower part, 15 to 25 cm long. The surface is yellow-brown to tan, with vertical wrinkles and horizontally long pores. Root head (returning head) 1.5 to 4 cm in diameter, ring-shaped, rounded obtuse, purple or yellow-green stems and leaf sheath residues; the surface of the main root (return) is uneven; branch root (return to tail) diameter 0.3 ~ 1 cm, thick and thin, twisted, with a few fibrous root marks. The texture is flexible, the cross section is yellowish white or light yellow brown, the skin is thick, there are cracks and most brown dot-like secretory cavities, the wood is lighter in color, forming a layer of yellowish brown. Has a strong aroma, sweet, spicy and slightly bitter.

Angelica identification method

In recent years, based on the research on the chemical composition and pharmacological effects of Angelica sinensis, its medicinal field has been continuously expanded. Some health foods and cosmetics configured with Angelica sinensis have also been put on the market and have been favored. Because of this, its prices have also risen to a certain extent, with market prices ranging from 28 yuan / kg to 65 yuan / kg.

In contrast, the price of lone living is lower, about 12 yuan / kg. Some unscrupulous merchants have targeted the convenience of people who do not know about solitary living and the similarities between solitary living and angelica, and profit from it.

According to a professional who has been engaged in the cultivation of Angelica sinensis for many years, when identifying Angelica sinensis, one can start from its cross-section: the cork layer is a series of cells, the inner layer of the plug is narrow, and there are a few oil chambers; the phloem is wide, with many cracks, and the oil chamber and The tubing is round in shape, larger on the outside, and gradually becomes smaller inward. There are 6-9 secretory cells around it; the layers form a ring; the ducts are scattered individually or 2-3 are aggregated to form a radial arrangement; thin-walled cells contain starch grain.

Classification

1.Easter angelica

Derived from Dongfang Angelica of Umbelliferae, also called Yamato-gui, Japanese angelica, Yanbian angelica. In some parts of Northeast China, it is used as a medicinal herb. Jilin Koreans think that its efficacy is similar to that of angelica. East Angelica is used as an angelica in both Japan and North Korea. Its root is shorter than Angelica sinensis, the surface is yellow-brown or tan, and the whole has fine longitudinal wrinkles and laterally protruding pit-like scars. The main root is short and ring-shaped, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, with petioles and stem basal marks on the top, more depressed in the center, and more than 10 branches or more. The texture is crunchy, the cross section of the skin is white, and the wood is yellow-white or yellow-brown. It is fragrant, sweet and slightly bitter.

2.European Angelica

For the root of the umbelliferous plant European angelica. Introduced from Bulgaria in 1957, this product is different from Angelica in traits and pharmacological effects. It has adverse reactions that Angelica does not have. European angelica roots are conical, the head of the roots is swollen, and there are more than two roots with a horizontal ring pattern. The surface is gray-brown or gray-yellow, with scars visible after the lateral root is severed. Dry and oil-free, slightly tough, easy to break. The section is yellow-white with cracks, and the wood is yellow-white with radial texture. The smell is fragrant and cloudy, the taste is slightly sweet at first and then the spicy tongue.

3. Yunnan Angelica

Umbelliferous Yunnan angelica root. Also known as Tu angelica in Yunnan. Its effect is similar to that of Angelica sinensis. It is used as a medicinal herb in some areas of Yunnan. Its roots are conical, with fewer branches, and the surface is brown, reddish brown, or dark brown. Stem marks or stem residues at the apex, horizontal loops at the root. The surface has longitudinal wrinkles and skin-like scars. Hard, yellow-white section. It has an aroma similar to angelica, with a slight sweetness and bitterness.

4, Xing'an Baiji

Roots of Xing'an Baiji of Umbelliferae. Also known as the Northeast Great Job. Angelica was introduced and misused in Hunan and Sichuan. Its main root is short, with several branches, and its surface is brownish-yellow or brownish-yellow, its texture is dry, and its taste is spicy and numb.

5.Zihua Qianhu

The root of the genus Asteraceae purple flower, also known as duck feet Qi and wild angelica. Zihua Qianhu is actually a genuine medicinal Qianhu. Its main root is irregularly conical, 3-6 cm long and 1.8-2 cm in diameter. The surface is tan, with longitudinal wrinkles, basal marks on the top, and several branches at the lower part. The roots are 6-9 cm long and 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter. There are vertical wrinkles and scars on the surface of the skin. The quality is hard and easy to break, the skin of the broken surface is brown, the wood is yellow-brown, and some are lighter in color. It is aromatic but different from the aroma of angelica and slightly spicy.

6. Living alone

The root of Angelica sinensis is the root of authentic medicinal solitary living. Its roots are slightly cylindrical, with 2-3 branches or more in the lower part. Root head swollen, conical, multi-lateral wrinkles. The surface is gray-brown or tan, with longitudinal wrinkles and laterally raised skin holes and fine root marks. It is harder but softer when wet. The cross section of the skin is grayish white with scattered brown dot-like oil chambers, and the wood is grayish yellow to yellowish brown, forming a layered ring brown. Has a special aroma, bitter and slightly tingling.

7, the big alone

Umbellate root alone. In some areas of Jilin, they are also called native angelica, wild angelica, and fresh angelica. Angelica was used medicinally.

The head of Daduhuo is short and thick, with a ring pattern on the surface, basal marks on the top, and several branches below. Vertical wrinkles and transverse pore-like scars can be seen on the surface, and some tan-like sticky resin-like substances can be seen. It is brittle and easy to break, the skin of the section is gray-white, and the wood is yellow-white. The aroma is sweet, and the taste is slightly sweet and then hard.

Due to the complexity of the plant species called angelica or danggui from ancient times to the present, in addition to the above-mentioned chaotic varieties, there are more than 20 species called danggui in the Umbelliferae family. Four or five. In addition, the roots of various plants belonging to Asteraceae, Polygonaceae, Ranunculaceae and other plants are also called Angelica sinensis in some areas. Faced with such a complicated situation, we should start by mastering the color, qi, and taste of authentic angelica.

Reproduction method

Seed propagation, seeding or transplanting.

Seed propagation

In the case of good seed germination (germination rate of more than 70 {bf}), it is advisable to sow about 7.5 kilograms per acre, and soak for 24 hours (30 ° C) before sowing. Split seeding and broadcasting. Spreading is to spread the seeds evenly on the flat surface of the hoe, and cover it with fine fertile soil for about 0.5 cm to cover the seeds. The sowing is to divide the horizontal trench according to the row spacing of 20 cm and the trench depth is 3-5 cm. The seed is evenly spread into the trench, covered with fine soil, and the seed is not seen.

2. Live propagation

Currently in angelica production, direct seeding cultivation can be divided into three types: spring seedling, autumn seedling, and winter seedling according to different seeding times.

(1) Autumn live broadcast: Autumn live broadcast is the most commonly used. It has a longer growing period than other seasons and maintains the advantages of live broadcast cultivation, that is, no early sowing, simple cultivation technology, and low cost. In low-altitude high-altitude areas, seeding should be from late July to early August, and in low-altitude areas with slightly higher temperatures, mid-August to early September.

Direct seeding and hole sowing are preferred. Hole sowing is preferred. Holes are dug according to the shape of 27 centimeters, and the depth is 3-5 centimeters. The bottom of the hole is leveled. 10 seeds are sown in each hole and placed in a radial pattern. After a little pressure, cover with fine soil, 1-2 cm thick, and finally flatten the noodles and cover with fallen leaves to facilitate moisture retention. Drilling is to open trenches on the well surface, with a depth of 5 cm and a pitch of 30 cm. Seeds are scattered evenly in the trench. Seedlings can be set when the height of seedlings is 10 cm. There are 1-2 plants in each hole of hole sowing, and the plant spacing is about 5 cm.

(2) Spring direct broadcast: Spring direct broadcast is a cultivation method that is sown in the early spring of that year and harvested before winter. Because it is the current year's crop, the current year's harvest does not meet the low temperature requirements of the vernalization stage without passing through the winter, so it will not be early to moss, because the direct growth period in spring is too short, the yield is low, but under better cultivation conditions , Can also obtain higher yields.

(3) Live broadcast in winter: Live broadcast in winter is to sow the seeds before winter, so that the seeds will overwinter in the soil and be harvested at the end of autumn the following year. Because the seeds are still in the ungerminated state during the winter, they cannot accept the low temperature in winter and undergo the vernalization stage. Qualitative change, so it can prevent early moss extraction. Since winter live is seeded in winter. Early spring emergence and longer growing season. Under the condition of better seedling protection, the yield is higher than spring direct seeding. The cultivation techniques for spring direct broadcast and winter direct broadcast are the same as the autumn direct broadcast except that the seeding period is different.

3. Transplantation

Angelica is generally planted in spring, and the time should be around Qingming. Prematurely, seedlings are susceptible to late frost damage after being unearthed; too late, seedlings have sprouted, and it is easy to hurt buds and reduce survival rate. Planting methods are divided into hole planting and furrow planting.

Hole planting: On the leveling planting leveling ground, dig the holes staggered according to the row spacing of 33 cm × 27 cm × 27 cm, and the hole depth is 15 cm. Then, each hole is planted into large, medium, and small seedlings according to the shape of the character, and the soil is compacted while covering the soil. When covering the soil to the half-hole, the seedlings are gently lifted up to stretch the root system, and then cover the soil to the full hole. Apply an appropriate amount of fire soil ash or soil fertilizer, cover the fine soil without seedling root neck 2-3 cm.

Ditch planting: on the well surface, open the groove horizontally, the groove distance is 40 cm, the groove depth is 15 cm, and the 3-5 cm plant spacing is placed in the groove between large, medium and small. The rhizomes are 2 cm below the soil surface and cover the soil. 2-3 cm.

Plant culture

First, the origin of the name

1. The ancients married wives to have children, and angelica blood regulation is a good medicine for treating female diseases. It has the meaning of missing her husband. Therefore, it has the name of angelica. It is exactly the same as the Tang poem. "" Means the same.

2, Angelica treatment of pregnant women with postpartum blood rushing up, its effect is significant; if qi and blood rebellion occurs, after taking it can reduce the inverse and disorder, so that qi and blood have their own return, so the name of angelica also comes from this.

3. Name from place of origin: The main place of origin of Angelica was originally in Yixian County, Gansu. The Tang Dynasty was called "Dangzhou" near Shexian County, because the area before the Tang Dynasty was the place where the "Daodang" people lived. A local specialty is a herb called "叫 (qi)", which is Angelica. In ancient times, "蕲" and "Gui" sounded the same rhyme, so it was called Angelica.

Cultural Stories

There are three legends about the name of Chinese angelica sinensis. "Pharmaceutical Dictionary" said: "Angelica due to regulating qi and nourishing blood, so that qi and blood have their own return, so the name is Angelica." And Li Shizhen said in the "Compendium of Materia Medica": "The ancients wanted to continue to marry their wives, and Angelica adjusted blood. To ask for medicine for a woman has the meaning of thinking, so it has the name of angelica. "It is exactly the same as the poem of Tang Dynasty," the flax is a good species without human race, but it is the time to return without returning. " Because Angelica is a gynecological medicine, it is named after "Sifu returns".

"Three Kingdoms" has two stories related to Chinese angelica. The first one is in The Story of the Three Kingdoms, Wushu and Taishi Ci, saying that Cao Cao heard that Tai Shici was serving Dong Wu, knowing that he was very talented, and asked him to abandon Wu Bei to return to Wei, and he wrote a letter to Tai Shici and put in it Into some angelica. The second one is contained in the Biography of the Three Kingdoms, Shu Shu, and Jiang Wei: In the six years of Jianxing, Ma Zun, the patriarch of the Wei Kingdom Tianshui County, was extremely unfriendly to Jiang Wei and suspected that he had a different heart. Jiang Wei resolutely turned to Zhuge Liang. Wei Guo's conspirators knew that Jiang Wei was a rare talent, and they tried every means to fight for his "return." Knowing that Jiang Wei was a filial son, they received his mother from Luoyang, tempted her to write to Jiang Wei, and enclosed angelica in the envelope, which meant that Jiang Wei returned to Wei.

Jiang Wei understood the meaning after receiving the letter. However, he clearly considered public and private and repeatedly thought that the Shu Kingdom was Han Dynasty orthodoxy, and that Zhuge Liang trusted and valued himself very much. He believed that when the Central Plains was unified, it was the day of mother-child reunion. At that time, he would resign and serve his mother in his hometown. Wouldn't it be better to be loyal to both. So he wrote back to his mother and attached some medicinal materials to explain his ambition: "One hundred hectares of good fields, not one acre (mother); but there are distant ambitions, not angelica." Knowing his mother Moruo, mother Jiang received a letter from his son, saying very understandably: "The child has distant ambitions, and the mother has no other requirements."

Wei Guo later forced the mother Jiang to write several times to persuade Jiang Wei to abandon Shu to vote for Wei, but all were rejected by the mother Jiang. After Jiang Wei's death, the Shu people admired him very much, and built a Jiangwei temple, also known as Jiang Gong Temple, in the sword pavilion of his army for many years.

Xiongguan has a strong British style, shows enthusiasm and boldness;

The sun sets over the remaining water and the mountains.

Angelica love meaning

Angelica love meaning

Browse: 197
The love meaning of Angelica is to look forward to returning early. Angelica means "should return". When it belongs to herbaceous plants, it is a traditional Chinese medicine in China. It has a long history and can be used as medicine in its roots. Use with almonds can also moisturize the intestines and stomach, change
更新时间:2019年12月12日 Added: December 12, 2019 Updated: December 12, 2019
Angelica is hot or cold
When it belongs to warm food, its root can be used as a medicinal material, which has the effects of qi and blood, and can be used to treat symptoms such as dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation, and amenorrhea. In normal times, you can boil angelica with red crab, mutton, lamb's hoof, pigeons and other foods, and drink it in moderation.
更新时间:2019年11月01日 Added: November 1, 2019 Updated: November 1, 2019
The efficacy and role of angelica
Speaking of Chinese herbal medicine of Angelica sinensis, the effects and effects of Angelica sinensis have many benefits to the human body. Not only can it promote blood circulation and stasis, regulate menstrual pain, but also can reduce inflammation and sterilization. For patients with constipation, there is also laxative
更新时间:2018年12月05日 Added: August 14, 2018 Updated: December 5, 2018
Angelica planting method: mainly produced in northwest and southwest China, with the largest yield and best quality in Yixian County, Gansu Province
Angelica is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and gynecology, and is mainly produced in northwest and southwest China. According to the origin, angelica is divided into Xigui (Gansu), Qingui (Shaanxi), Yungui (Yunnan) and Sichuangui (Sichuan). Among them, Yixian County, Gansu has the largest yield, the best quality, and the longest cultivation history.
更新时间:2017年12月29日 Added: December 29, 2017 Updated: December 29, 2017
Angelica Encyclopedia

Angelica Encyclopedia

Browse: 920
更新时间:2017年12月29日 Added: December 29, 2017 Updated: December 29, 2017
How to eat healthy Angelica sinensis: Angelica sinensis has certain side effects, please use it under the guidance of a doctor
Angelica sinensis can nourish and nourish blood, regulate menstruation and promote blood circulation, intestinal laxative, effect on uterine smooth muscle, anti-cancer effect, anti-aging and anti-aging, and enhance immune function, especially suitable for women. So what can Angelica do? The following editors will introduce eight ways to eat angelica.
更新时间:2017年12月29日 Added: December 29, 2017 Updated: December 29, 2017
Can you eat angelica during menstrual period?
Angelica is a Chinese medicine that is very beneficial to the body. There are many benefits for women to eat angelica. Therefore, many women in life like to put some angelica when they stew soup. Can women eat angelica during menstruation? Let's take a look at it together!
更新时间:2017年12月28日 Added: December 28, 2017 Updated: December 28, 2017
The effect and effect of angelica: common Chinese medicines have the functions of nourishing blood and promoting blood circulation, regulating menstrual and analgesic, and intestinal laxative.
Angelica sinensis, warm in nature, sweet and spicy; Guijing: into the heart, liver and spleen, is one of the most commonly used Chinese medicine. It has the functions of nourishing blood and promoting blood circulation, regulating menstrual pain, moisturizing intestines and laxative. Angelica has many functions and effects, especially suitable for women. Let's introduce the efficacy and role of angelica!
更新时间:2017年12月28日 Added: December 28, 2017 Updated: December 28, 2017