Witch Hazel (Latin name: Hamamelis mollis Oliver.), Also known as Magnolia; due to its cold resistance, it is also called "Lonicera", which is a deciduous shrub or small tree of Rosaceae, Witch Hazel, and Witch Hazel. The twigs have star-shaped villi, a few clustered leaves and axillary flowers, and are golden in color. The gold petals are like strands, and they look like wax plums, hence the name "Hamamelis". All provinces in the Yangtze River Basin are distributed.
Deciduous shrubs or small trees, up to 8 meters in height; young branches with stellate fluff; old branches bald and clear; buds long ovate with grayish yellow fluff. Leaves papery or thin leathery, broad obovate, 8-15 cm long, 6-10 cm wide, apex short and sharp, base unequal lateral heart-shaped, slightly rough above, with sparse stellate hairs, not hairy Bright, densely gray star-shaped villi on the underside; 6-8 pairs of lateral veins, and a pair of lateral veins on the lowermost side have obvious secondary lateral veins, which are prominent on the upper side and protrude below; corrugated blunt teeth on the edges; petiole length 6- 10 mm, tomentose, stipules falling early.
Head or short spikes axillary, with several flowers, pedicels, ovate bracts, short inflorescence stalks, less than 5 mm long; calyx tube short, connate with ovary, calyx ovate, 3 mm long, Persistent, all stellate tomentose; petals banded, about 1.5 cm long, yellowish white; 4 stamens, filaments 2 mm long, anthers and filaments approximately equal; 4 degenerate stamens, apex truncate; ovary with fluff The style is 1-1.5 mm long.
Capsule ovoid, 1.2 cm in length and 1 cm in width, densely covered with yellow-brown stellate fluff, capsule length is about 1/3 of capsule. Seeds oval, about 8 mm long, black, shiny. Flowering in May.
Mainly distributed in Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan and Guangxi. It is mostly born on the slopes of mountains, valleys, and broad-leaved forests, in thickets; it is an alpine tree species, often vertically distributed at 600 ~ 1600 meters above sea level. Strong cold resistance, can grow in open field at -15 ℃. Hi light, but it is more shade-tolerant in its infancy and can grow under half-shade conditions. The soil is not strict, and can grow in acidic and neutral soils, especially fertile, humid, loose, and well-drained sandy soil.
For the breeding of witch hazel, more seeds are sown and raised. After the autumn fruit matures, the fruit branches are collected and placed in the sun for 2 to 3 days. The husks crack, the seeds are taken out, and the soil is used as the degree of invisible soil. About half a month to 20 days after sowing, germination and unearthing reach 1/3 ~ 1/2, and on cloudy or sunny evenings, gently remove the cover grass. After that, we should do a good job in loosening soil, weeding, fertilizing, and drought resistance in time to cultivate good seedlings. The seedlings are transported from the period after the seedlings fall to the spring before the leaves of the following year, and the bare roots are planted or transplanted to obtain a high survival rate. You can also use asexual propagation methods such as beading (high pressure), grafting, and cuttings to increase the population.
Sexual taste: sweet; flat.
Meridian: the spleen.
Indications: Yi Qi. The main fatigue is weak.
Dosage (oral): Jiantang, 15-30g; fresh product 60-90g.
Note: Avoid sour, spicy, mustard, radish, etc. while taking the medicine.
Chemical composition: Contains kaempferol, quercetin, astragalin, etc.
2. Beauty value
Witch hazel contains various tannins such as Ellagtann in and Hammlitannin, which can regulate sebum secretion, have moisturizing and whitening effects. Promotes lymphatic blood circulation, which can specifically overcome morning sickness and dark circles. It has a calming and soothing effect, and has an improvement effect on cracks, sunburn and acne. Can effectively help skin regenerate at night. Removes bags under the eyes, relaxes, and soothes oily or allergic skin. It has soothing, astringent, antibacterial, anti-aging effects, and has significant effects of astringent oil control and sterilization. It is the best choice for adolescents or skin with severe oily conditions.
Witch hazel contains special softening factors. Can soothe restless skin. Helps restore skin calmness. Maintain metabolic balance. Eliminates skin discomfort.
For adolescents. Or skin with more oily conditions. The astringent effect of witch hazel is obvious and can control oil secretion. Helps regulate skin's water and oil balance. Effectively increase skin moisture and balance pH. Shrink pores.
Witch hazel has a special effect on fungal infections. Patients with psoriasis, eczema, varicose veins, or hemorrhoids. Witch hazel extract can be used to soak in a bath to improve skin condition.
Witch hazel extract can significantly reduce the content of malondialdehyde in tissues due to strong ultraviolet radiation, and can prevent skin inflammation caused by exposure to ultraviolet light. Reduces free radical damage caused by UV radiation. With anti-aging effect.
3. Ornamental value
Witch hazel is a kind of ornamental flowers and plants with elegant trees and crowns that are spherical or oval or broad-spherical, especially early flowering, and flowering from winter to early spring, which is the period when there are few flowers in the year. The petals are slender and soft, and the flower shape is graceful and unique. The flower color is bright and bright, ranging from pale yellow to orange-red. The shades are different. The flowers are first bloomed and the leaves are pleasant. The tree is light and the flowers are beautiful. It is particularly eye-catching in the winter garden. It should be planted alone, admiring the strange petals and graceful tree posture, if coupled with Jingshi flowers and plants, one tree and one scene, you are naturally in love. It can also be planted in clusters. When the flowers bloom, the trees are golden, and the clouds are brilliant.
It can be used as an important early spring flower in the construction of scenic areas and urban and rural landscaping. It can be configured with a variety of flowers and trees, such as plums, peaches, apricots, cherry blossoms, wax plums, knots, and bauhinia. It can receive greening, flowering, and fragrance. Good effect of transforming the ecological environment.