在线一本码道高清

Basic introduction of licorice

Licorice, (scientific name: Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch) Alias: Guo Lao, Sweet Grass, Ural Licorice, Sweet Root. Leguminosae and licorice are perennial herbs with thick roots and rhizomes. They are mostly used for medicine. They are a kind of supplementary Chinese herbal medicine.

Weiqi, sweet and special. Indications include clearing heat and detoxifying, expectorant, cough, and abdomen. It is dry and humid with dark and humid sunshine and long sunshine. Licorice grows mostly in arid and semi-arid desert grasslands, desert edges and loess hills.

Morphological characteristics

Herbs perennial, with thick roots and rhizomes, 1-3 cm in diameter, brown outer skin, yellowish inside. Sweet.

Stems erect, branched, 30-120 cm high, densely covered with scaly glands, bristle glands, and white or brown villi.

Leaves 5-20 cm long, stipules triangular-lanceolate, about 5 mm long, 2 mm wide, densely white pubescent on both sides; petiole densely brown glandular and pubescent; 5-17 small leaves, Oval, obovate or nearly round, 1.5-5 cm long, 0.8-3 cm wide, dark green above, green below, both sides densely covered with tan gland spots and pubescence, blunt at the tip, with short tips, The base is round, the edges are whole or slightly wavy, and are somewhat revolute.

Racemes axillary, with many flowers, pedicels shorter than leaves, densely brown scaly glands and pubescent; corolla purple, white or yellow, 10-24 mm long, flag petals oblong, apex slightly concave, Base shortly petiolate. The pods are curved sickle-shaped or ring-shaped, densely packed into spheres, densely tumorous protrusions and bristle-shaped glands. Seeds 3-11, dark green, round or kidney-shaped, about 3 mm long. Flowering from June to August, fruiting from July to October.

Growth environment and distribution

Licorice is highly adaptable and resistant to stress. It grows mostly in arid and semi-arid sandy soil, desert edges and loess hilly areas. It is also easy to reproduce in the fields and riverbanks of the Yellow River irrigation area.

The ecological environment with abundant natural light, less rainfall, extreme heat in summer, severe cold in winter, and large temperature difference between day and night has the characteristics of happy light, drought resistance, heat resistance, salt and alkali resistance, and cold resistance. It is suitable for growth in deep soil, loose soil and well-drained sandy soil.

It is distributed in Asia, Europe, Australia, America and other places (and most of them have traditional medicinal and other uses).

Licorice in China is mainly distributed in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Gansu, and Shuozhou, Shanxi. Artificially-grown licorice is mainly produced in the Hexi Corridor in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Gansu, around Longxi, and in parts of Ningxia.

Classification

Glycyrrhiza is actually "Glycyrrhiza" without a second-degree name. There are about 18 major varieties under it, and they are distributed in Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Americas (and most of them have traditional medicinal and other uses. ). There are three main varieties in China:

Licorice, strictly speaking botanically, should first refer to the entire plant. In medicine, it usually refers to the root of the licorice plant. Strictly speaking, it is "licorice root".

Yanchi County, Ningxia is the main production area of “Xizheng Licorice”. Ningxia licorice is widely distributed in Ningxia, with large reserves and good quality, and its own color is red and fine, bone powder is fine, dry and straight, glycyrrhizic acid and licorice The flavonoid content is very high, in 1995 was named "China's hometown of licorice."

Breeding method

Licorice reproduction is divided into sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction (fast growth).

Seed propagation: 30 to 45 cm deep in autumn, harrowed after turning. The next spring sowing in April, the seed coat is ground, or soaked with warm water, sand hiding for two months. Or soak it in warm water at 60 ℃ for 4 ~ 6 hours, remove the seeds and put them in a warm place, cover them with a wet cloth, and rinse with water twice a day.

Rhizome breeding: Combined with spring and autumn mining of Gan Li, thick roots are used for medicinal purposes. Fine rhizomes are cut into 4-5 cm segments with 2 to 3 buds on top. Rows are 30 cm apart and 10 cm deep trenches are planted. The plant spacing is 15 cm. The roots are laid flat, the soil is flat and watered.

Main value

Medicinal value

Licorice is the most commonly used medicine in clinical practice. Raw licorice can clear heat and detoxify, moisturize the lungs and relieve cough, and reconcile various medicinal properties; Zhigan licorice can replenish the spleen and nourish qi, and has a large clinical dosage and a large export volume. In addition to medicinal products, licorice is also widely used as a pastry additive in food, and its sweetness is 100 times that of sucrose. Western countries import licorice in large quantities, extract glycyrrhetic acid from it, and cure AIDS. Glycyrrhiza uralensis is returned to forestry, and soil and water conservation is stronger. Farmers in northern Shaanxi and people in the west reported that licorice seeds could be germinated to the ground to emerge, and their drought resistance was extremely strong.

Nutritional value

1. Licorice has an adrenal hormone-like effect. It has an inhibitory effect on the excessive secretion of gastric acid caused by histamine; it has the effect of antacid and relieves the gastrointestinal smooth muscle spasm.

2. Licorice flavone, licorice extract and glycyrrhetic acid all have obvious antitussive effect; expectorant effect is also significant, its intensity of action is glycyrrhizin {lj} gt; glycyrrhizin {lj} gt;

3. Licorice also has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects, which can protect the inflamed throat and tracheal mucosa. Licorice extract and glycyrrhizic acid have a glucuronic acid-like detoxifying effect on certain poisons.

4. Licorice is often used to treat the symptoms that come with menopause. Because licorice contains glycyrrhizin, which is a hormone-like compound, it helps to balance the hormone content in women.

5. The hypoacid contained in licorice can block the carcinogen-induced tumor growth.

What part of the plant is licorice
Licorice is a common Chinese medicinal material in our lives. The medicine used is part of the plant's rhizomes. Licorice is also a multi-year herb. The rhizomes have different lengths and brown-red or gray-brown skins. The medicine can cure heat and detoxify, and relieve cough and phlegm , Belongs to make up
更新时间:2019年06月22日 Added: May 27, 2019 Updated: June 22, 2019
Licorice is hot or cold, and flat herbs can clear heat and detoxify
Licorice is a flat medicinal material. It is not hot or cold and has a high medicinal value. It can be used for cooking or making tea every day. The human body is very beneficial, but it should not be left for too long
更新时间:2019年01月15日 Added: January 10, 2019 Updated: January 15, 2019
The efficacy and action of licorice is contraindicated, it can expel phlegm and relieve cough.
Licorice is one of the most common Chinese medicines. It has the effects of expectorant and antitussive, and it has a wide range of benefits and benefits. When taking licorice, it is best to first understand the efficacy and contraindications of licorice to avoid some bad effects before taking it. Besides
更新时间:2018年07月14日 Added: July 14, 2018 Updated: July 14, 2018
The efficacy and action of licorice is contraindicated, it can clear heat and detoxify cough and reduce phlegm, but it should not be excessive.
Licorice has a high medicinal value and is widely used. Many drugs have ingredients of licorice. So what are the effects and contraindications of licorice? There are many effects and effects of licorice, such as clearing heat and detoxifying, nourishing the spleen and nourishing qi, and preventing and controlling. Tumor, cough and phlegm
更新时间:2018年07月12日 Added: July 12, 2018 Updated: July 12, 2018
The efficacy and role of licorice
People often use licorice to soak in water or simply eat it with their mouth. It is sweet into the throat and lasts for a long time. It also has many beneficial effects on the human body. Today, Xiaobian will specifically explain the efficacy and role of licorice for the reference of friends.
更新时间:2018年01月29日 Added: January 29, 2018 Updated: January 29, 2018
Information about licorice
更新时间:2018年01月29日 Added: January 29, 2018 Updated: January 29, 2018