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Morphological characteristics

Mulberries are trees or shrubs with a height of 3-10 meters, up to 15 meters in height, and a DBH of 50 cm or more. The bark is thick, gray, and irregularly lobed; leaves are ovate or broadly ovate, 5 -15 cm, base rounded to shallow heart-shaped, edges jagged, obtuse, sometimes leaves are variously divided, surface bright green, glabrous, abaxially hairy along veins, veins axillary tufted; flowers unisexual, axillary or Born in the axils of bud scales, born at the same time as the leaves; the cones are oval-shaped, 1-2.5 cm long, red or dark purple when mature. Flowering from April to May, fruiting from May to August.

Growth habits and distribution

Mulberries like a warm and humid climate and are slightly shade-resistant. The temperature begins to germinate when the temperature is above 12 ℃, and the suitable growth temperature is 25-30 ℃. If it exceeds 40 ℃, it will be inhibited. If it drops below 12 ℃, it will stop growing. Drought-resistant, non-waterlogged, and barren. Strong adaptability to soil.

It is native to central and northern China, and is now cultivated from northeast to southwest provinces and from northwest to Xinjiang. North Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Central Asian countries, Russia, Europe and other places as well as India and Vietnam are also cultivated.

Major variant

Morus alba L. var. Multicaulis (Perrott.) Loud.), The species is different from mulberry in that the leaves are large and thick, the leaves can reach 30 cm in length, and the surface is bubbly and shrunk; the cones are cylindrical, 1.5-2 cm long, white-green or purple-black when mature. Because the leaves are large and the meat is thick and juicy, it is a good feed for silkworm. It is cultivated in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan and Shaanxi, China.

Reproduction method

seed

Harvest purple ripe mulberries, rub off the flesh, wash the seeds, and then plant them or store them in wet sand. Spring sowing, summer sowing, and autumn sowing are all available. Summer and autumn sowing can use new seeds of the year. Before sowing, soak the seeds in warm water at 50 ℃, soak for another 12 hours after natural cooling, store in a wet sand to promote germination, and keep it moist. When the seed coat breaks and becomes white, you can sow the seeds. The depth is 1 cm, and the seed volume is 7.5-15 kg per meter per hour. Cover the soil. After about 10 days emerge. Seedlings between 3-4 cm in height, weak and strong, and make up seedlings. In spring and autumn, seedlings are set at a distance of 10-15 cm.

grafting

In the bag connection method, the scion is cut and stored in wet sand 20 days before the grafting, so that the cortex and xylem of the rootstock are cut into a bag shape, and then inserted into the scion to tighten it. Budding, T-shaped buds or tubular buds (sleeve) in spring and summer.

Bead

In early spring, the mother plant was fixed horizontally on the ground, buried in the trench, exposing the top, compacted with soil, and separated from the mother after rooting. Planting takes place in spring or autumn. Open the hole according to the row and the plant distance of 2 meters × 0.4 meters, the hole diameter is 0.5-0.7 meters, the bottom of the hole is applied with rotten manure, and a thin layer of soil is planted. After filling in the table soil, the plant is lifted up to make the root stretch. , And then fill the heart soil, compaction, watering.

Plant culture

The ancient Chinese people had a tradition of planting mulberry trees and azaleas in front of houses and houses. Therefore, "mulberry" was often used to represent homeland and hometown.

Do mulberries make bonsai auspicious
Mulberry bonsai is very auspicious. Its dense branches and leaves are like an umbrella, which can play the role of feng shui to avoid evils and avoid disasters. Usually, it requires potting of shallow mud tiles with a large monthly size, and it also needs to be trimmed and trimmed every year. , Making mulberry bonsai more ornamental, and
更新时间:2019年09月17日 Added: September 17, 2019 Updated: September 17, 2019
Types of mulberry disease
Mulberry diseases include mulberry atrophy, mulberry disease, mulberry brown spot, and mulberry rust. In the treatment of mulberry atrophy, thiouracil can be sprayed; copper sulfate and ammonia water can be diluted and sprayed with mulberry to cure mulberry disease; triazodone powder can be sprayed with diluted water to treat diseased leaves.
更新时间:2019年07月16日 Added: July 16, 2019 Updated: July 16, 2019
How to deal with mulberries at home
If there is a mulberry tree in the house, it can be transplanted under the condition of blocking the light. Select a place for transplanting and level the soil. Then trim the mulberry branches to reduce the evaporation of water and dig out the roots of the mulberry tree. , Watering after transplanting, if light
更新时间:2019年07月08日 Added: July 8, 2019 Updated: July 8, 2019
Difference between mulberry and mulberry
The difference between mulberry trees and mulberry trees is that mulberry trees are mainly used for fruiting, so they are all female plants, while mulberry trees are used for silkworm breeding and other medicinal purposes. Both male and female plants can be used. The leaves of the mulberry tree have the functions of lowering blood pressure and antibacterial. The fruits of the mulberry tree are sweet and juicy after ripening.
更新时间:2019年07月05日 Added: July 5, 2019 Updated: July 5, 2019
Where does mulberry grow
Mulberry is planted in the north and south of China. Mulberry is a hi-light plant with strong adaptability to climate and soil. It can withstand a low temperature of up to minus 40 degrees. Mountains, slopes and plains are suitable for mulberry growth. Mulberry leaves have high medicinal value and beauty value, and can also be used as
更新时间:2019年07月04日 Added: July 4, 2019 Updated: July 4, 2019
Mulberry leaves come in several shapes
Mulberry leaves have two shapes: oval and heart-shaped. The complete leaves of the mulberry are heart-shaped, the new leaves are yellow-green, and the mature leaves are dark green. Mulberry leaves can be used as medicine to treat colds caused by wind and heat. Mulberry leaves steamed bread and mulberry leaf cake are eaten.
更新时间:2019年07月04日 Added: July 4, 2019 Updated: July 4, 2019
Can mulberries be planted at home
Mulberry is an unlucky tree in Feng Shui. Mulberry and mourning are similar, which is not conducive to breeding at home. Otherwise, it will affect the overall air transportation of the family. Its aesthetic ability is also relatively poor, and it will not grow any decorative properties in the home. It is best not to breed mulberry trees at home, to avoid
更新时间:2019年06月22日 Added: June 10, 2019 Updated: June 22, 2019
The role of mulberry

The role of mulberry

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Mulberry has a high medicinal value. The bark can be used as medicine to promote water swelling. Mulberry leaves can also reduce blood sugar and blood lipids. In addition, mulberry branches are soft and can be made into baskets. Trees can be made of paper and have a high Economic use value, mulberry tree is also heaven
更新时间:2019年06月22日 Added: June 10, 2019 Updated: June 22, 2019
Mulberry fruit for several years
One year's mulberry seedlings can be properly maintained only in the spring of next year. However, improper management may take more than three years to produce fruits. Grafting is often used for reproduction in life. Around April next year
更新时间:2019年06月22日 Added: June 10, 2019 Updated: June 22, 2019
Mulberry diseases and insect pests and their control, powdery mildew need to clean plants and spray medicine
In the process of mulberry cultivation, if the plant is infected with powdery mildew, the leaves of the plant need to be cleaned in time, and its plants must be sprayed with pesticides such as methyltobutin, and the diseased branches must be treated with dryness. Sprayed with carbendazim
更新时间:2019年04月22日 Added: April 22, 2019 Updated: April 22, 2019
Difference between lime tree and mulberry tree, 4 methods to distinguish the two
The linden tree is a genus of Morus family. The leaves are obovate and oval, and the tip of the leaves is gradually pointed. It will only bear fruit in September to October. The leaves are ovate and broadly ovate.
更新时间:2019年04月22日 Added: April 22, 2019 Updated: April 22, 2019
How to plant mulberry seeds
When planting mulberry seeds, first soak the seeds in water with a temperature of 50 ° C for about 1 to 3 days, and then combine the soil with fertilization to perform deep sterilization treatment. After planting, keep the spacing of each plant at 20-30 cm. After water moisturizing, seedlings emerge in about 10 days, and the seedling height is 3 ~
更新时间:2019年04月12日 Added: April 12, 2019 Updated: April 12, 2019
When are mulberry leaves picked
Mulberry leaves are best picked after the late autumn frost, and their medicinal value is high. They can also be picked when the leaves are lush in April. Don't use too many of them as spares. After picking, they need to be washed with water and then dried into slices Just put it in a bag and store it.
更新时间:2019年06月22日 Added: January 9, 2019 Updated: June 22, 2019
What is the farming season in Caisang
Mulberry picking is generally a spring farming, mostly to pick mulberry leaves to raise silkworms, but later in the fall of the autumn frost can also be used to pick mulberry leaves, at this time mainly for making mulberry tea. When picking mulberry leaves in spring, pay attention to morning and evening picking. Do not pick mulberry leaves and rain leaves at noon. Autumn
更新时间:2018年12月17日 Added: December 17, 2018 Updated: December 17, 2018
Mulberry planting technology: The northern region is planted in spring and autumn, and the southern region can be planted all year round in warm weather.
The mulberry friends have eaten too much. How much do you know about the mulberry tree as the carrier of mulberry? Today, Xiaobian came to give you the science of planting mulberry trees.
更新时间:2018年02月27日 Add Time: February 26, 2018 Updated: February 27, 2018
What is the effect of mulberry leaf soaked in water: long-term use can clear liver and eyesight, lower blood pressure and blood sugar
Speaking of mulberry leaves, people often think of silkworms for the first time, because mulberry leaves are the staple food of silkworms, and silkworms can be harvested after cocoon is grown. In fact, mulberry leaves can not only be eaten for silkworm babies, but humans can also use them to drink water or make edible dishes. Let's understand what effect mulberry leaves drink in water.
更新时间:2018年03月02日 Add Time: February 26, 2018 Updated: March 2, 2018