Green apple bonsai is the perfect combination of fruit tree gardening and bonsai art. The bonsai cultivation of apples in the living room and courtyard can be used for viewing flowers, greens, enjoying fruits, and early adopters. It is full of fun and pleasant all year round. But how can green apples be raised? Let's take a look.
一般选用瓦盆，其质地疏松，外表粗糙古朴，通气排水性能良好，利于根系生长，且造价低廉。 1. The principle of selecting pots: Generally, tile pots are used. The texture is loose, the appearance is rough and simple, the ventilation and drainage performance is good, it is good for root growth, and the cost is low. Tile basins with a diameter of 30 cm, a base diameter of 20 cm, and a height of 30 cm with drainage holes are available.
土壤可就地取材，可按肥沃菜园土5份、过筛的煤渣2份、腐熟的厩肥2份、腐烂的锯末及骨粉发酵肥1份，再加入10 g磷酸二氢钾按比例混合均匀、过筛。 2. Soil requirements: The soil can be obtained from local sources, 5 parts of fertile vegetable garden soil, 2 parts of sieved cinder, 2 parts of rotten manure, 1 part of rotten sawdust and bone meal fermentation fertilizer, and 10 g of potassium dihydrogen phosphate Mix in proportion and sieve. It is advisable to control the soil pH between 5.4 and 6.8. Cover the small holes in the bottom of the tile basin with small tiles to ventilate them without leaking soil.
苗木最好是自育自栽，选择植株健壮、芽眼饱满、无病虫为害的嫁接苗，于3月上中旬上盆栽植，栽植时用5℃石硫合剂浸根消毒，并剪去坏死根，先把少量营养土装入盆底，放入苗木，将根系摆布均匀，埋土压实，及时浇水，即可保证成活。 3. Potting techniques: The best seedlings are self-cultivation and self-planting. Select grafted plants with strong plants, full bud eyes, and no pests and diseases. , And cut off the necrotic roots, first put a small amount of nutrient soil into the bottom of the pot, put in the seedlings, the root system is evenly distributed, the soil is compacted, and timely watering can ensure survival.
盆栽苹果树的灌水次数和间隔时间，应依据季节、气候和土壤湿度的不同而定。 4. Watering essentials: The number and interval of potted apple trees should be based on the season, climate and soil humidity. The watering of potted apples should be based on the principle of "watering when dry and wet," so as to avoid daily watering and half watering. In the germination period, flowering period and fruit expansion period, water should be added in time. In order to promote flower bud differentiation in June, water should be properly controlled, and watering should be reduced in the rainy season from July to August.
秋季落叶后，应将瓦盆里的表面土取出，换上新配制的疏松而肥沃的营养土，然后灌水沉实。 5. Fertilization requirements: After the fallen leaves in autumn, the surface soil in the tile basin should be taken out, replaced with freshly prepared loose and fertile nutrient soil, and then irrigated. Thin organic fertilizer can be applied once a week during the growth period. Remember to apply a small amount to prevent root burning and easy absorption, and reduce fertilizer loss. When the room temperature is lower than 18 ℃, all forms of topdressing should be stopped.
它原产热带美洲性喜高温多湿的半阴环境，畏寒冷，忌强光。 6. Illumination requirements: It is native to the tropical Americans who like high temperature and humidity in the semi-overcast environment. They are afraid of cold and avoid strong light.
生长适温18℃～30℃，要求空气相对湿度较高，忌盆土和环境干燥，喜温暖平和的环境，不耐酷热，畏高温，且耐寒性较差，春末夏初当环境温度超过25℃时，遮阴、宜凉爽通风、湿润半阴的环境。 7, temperature requirements: suitable growth temperature of 18 ℃ ~ 30 ℃, requires relatively high relative humidity in the air, avoid basin soil and the environment dry, like warm and peaceful environment, not resistant to extreme heat, high temperature, and poor cold resistance, late spring and summer When the ambient temperature exceeds 25 ° C, it should be shaded, cool and ventilated, and humid and semi-shady. In winter, the ambient temperature is not less than 10 ° C. When the room temperature is lower than 5 ° C, the above-ground part will be severely damaged by freezing. Under normal circumstances, the main insulation should be turned off in time before the ambient temperature drops to 10 ℃ at the end of autumn.
虫害预防：要勤观察防虫为主，遇虫则施药。 8. Insect pest prevention: Observe pest control frequently and apply pesticides when insects are encountered.
采用盘绕拉枝方式，抑制树体长势，促发新枝，对当年抽生的枝条进行摘心，促壮主干再发新枝。 9. Pruning method: Coiled branches are used to suppress the growth of the tree body and promote the development of new branches. Topping the branches that were extracted in the current year and promote the development of new trunks. Twisting, topping, scoring, and ring peeling of long branches and competing branches combined with pull branches can cultivate a large number of fruiting branches and promote the formation of flower buds, achieving the goal of early fruiting and multiple fruiting.
1. When breeding green apple trees, watering or less watering can be used in the rainy season. In continuous rainfall, the water should be drained in time and the bonsai should be moved to the shelter.
2. The acidity and alkalinity of green apple planting soil should be slightly acidic to neutral. When the pH value is above 7.8, it is prone to deficient chlorosis.